The Dene through the Seasons
Two Stoats seen
Two Grey Squirrels around all month
Tree Sparrows taking over from House Sparrows
Jays continue their consolidation in the Dene
A pair of Dippers seen
Cormorants are back in the estuary
Even for a November, Roe Deer were thin on the ground this month with only 4 reports. There appears to have been a single female, reported on 2nd and again on 10th and 18th from the centre part of the Dene, and then nothing until 27th when 2 females were seen crossing a field near Hartley West Farm.
A Red Fox was twice reported just before last light on the edge of the Dene, close to the path from Hartley Lane Car Park to Seaton Sluice, probably preparing for an expedition into the gardens not too far away. At the other end of the day two early morning walkers saw a Stoat in the area of the upstream wooden bridge on 16th and the other on the 26th.
2 Grey Squirrels continued to be seen regularly in the Dene throughout the month with the favourite area being the meadow but on one occasion an animal was seen near Holywell Bridge. There was plenty of natural food, especially nuts, available for the animals and consequently they ignored the peanuts in the feeding boxes so all the regular checking reports arrived showing there had been no visits. Then on the 28th 2 boxes were found empty and others soon followed – natural food had obviously run out. Watch this space!!
By the third week of the month reports arrived from people living close to the Dene saying their nightly visit of a Hedgehog to their garden and the food put out, had ceased, indicating natural hibernation for the winter. So far there has been no report of a Hedgehog out in daylight, a very bad sign and something that should be reported without delay.
As the warm weather of early November turned colder and windier, the bird food containers were filled again and the leaves parted from the trees, so it was possible to watch the birds returning as the trees and bushes, earlier covered with colourful berries, lost their colour as the birds finished off their abundant natural food. Suddenly almost every report mentioned good numbers of arguing Blackbirds back in all parts of the Dene – the normal sign that winter is upon us.
Coal Tits, that had been few and far between, went back to normal numbers but the same could not be said for Blue and Great Tits, whose numbers appear to be down on previous years, perhaps another poor breeding season. After many reports of Long-tailed Tits seen in October the early part of November produced no reports but they were back with the colder weather with small flocks up to 7. The rare Willow Tit did us proud with no less than 13 reports of 1 or 2 birds all from the east end of the Dene. The feeder near the seat a little upstream of the pipe bridge is a good place to see one.
The finches all started quietly but numbers increased significantly in the second half of the month. Bullfinches up to 4 birds together, Chaffinch up to 3 birds and Goldfinch up to 7 appeared in all parts of the Dene, whereas Dunnock continued being seen in normal numbers throughout the month with just 1 or occasionally 2 birds.
Tree Sparrows, a rare listed bird in many parts of the country, were certainly not rare in the Dene and surrounding area. Seen almost daily in small flocks up to 7/8 they appear to have taken over from House Sparrows in this area. Inquisitive Robins as usual were around throughout the Dene, normally a single bird but if a pair, an argument was usually forthcoming. Great Spotted Woodpeckers have been well reported, especially when partaking of the feeder food. On the 16th one was heard ‘drumming’ and again on a few occasions after that, all being in the general area between the 2 wooden bridges. Nuthatch have been very well reported especially while enjoying the various feeder’s offerings but it is interesting that there has never been a report of one to the west of the old railway line. The greatly under-reported Wren got just 3 mentions this month of 1 or two birds.
Jays have continued their consolidation throughout the Dene being seen from the Concorde House area right down to the estuary. Up to 3 being seen together has been the maximum with a pair being the norm. Walkers have occasionally reported a pair being seen near the old railway line and then later on the same walk a pair on the path to Seaton Sluice. A summer visitor that is obviously staying for the winter has been seen a number of times, the male Blackcap has been reported on 3 occasions and a female once, all in the second half of the month while a lone Stock Dove was seen on the very last day of the month.
Massive flocks of varying numbers of Rooks, Jackdaws, Carrion Crows and Magpies have once again taken over the surrounding fields with counts of well over 100 birds being the norm one day and not a bird to be seen the next. However the flocks of 30 to 60 Woodpigeon are seen daily and are not something easily missed. 5 Curlew were seen in a field on 24th and before that on the 4th there were 4 Grey Partridge in the same field. There were many reports of Pheasant being seen or heard throughout the Dene, adjacent fields and estuary, with all sightings being of just 1 or 2 birds and all but two of the reports were of males.
A Sparrowhawk has been seen in each week of the month both in the Dene and on 13th and 27th in the estuary. A Kestrel was seen on 3 occasions, on the 9th it was above the estuary, on the 13th above a field adjacent to Crow Hall Farm and on the 27th above the meadow. A Tawny Owl was heard calling on the 15th near Holywell Bridge and on 27th in the area of the meadow. A Buzzard was missing for the whole month until appearing in the centre part of the Dene on the 25th and then again on 27th.
On the river a Dipper has been seen regularly, often near the tunnel entrance but once as far downstream as the stepping-stones. The surprise was on the 18th slightly downstream from the tunnel when 2 were sitting side by side on a small rock. The fact that no territorial fight was in progress showing it must have been a male/female pair, something you do not normally see until around the turn of the year. There were only 2 sightings of a Grey Wagtail both in the estuary, with the same number of sightings of a Little Egret on the 18th in the estuary and on 25th a little further upstream. There were 4 reports of a Kingfisher being seen, all between 6th and 16th, with 2 sightings in the estuary and the other 2 much further upstream.
Moorhens appeared on the scene, just upstream of the pipe bridge, from the 25th with up to 3 being seen. Mallard were reported on 4 occasions with 4 being seen on the river a little upstream of the pipe bridge on 2 occasions, 1 on the river in the estuary further downstream while 11 were seen on 4th enjoying the pleasures of the new Millfied Reed Bed. Redshank have been seen almost daily in the estuary with a flock up to 14 birds seen on the 11th and on the very last day of the month 2 Cormorants were the first seen this winter, the date being about 1 week later than last year. Finally, Grey Herons have been everywhere, from fishing in the tunnel entrance to the estuary and then on 25th were seen sitting in the trees of the heronry – somewhat earlier than expected but it might mean spring is just around the corner!!
Otter seen just south of Holywell Village
2 Grey Squirrels trapped
Great Spotted Woodpeckers abound
Collard Doves seen in the Dene
The Pink-footed Geese are back
Wonderful view of a pair of Buzzards
Pair of Dippers takes up residence
Continuing this year’s winter trend, there have been only a few reports of Roe Deer. In the first week there were 2 reports of 2 females in the fields near Hartley West Farm (HWF) followed in the next week by 1 near Crow Hall Farm (CHF), probably a male. Then on 21st there was a report of 3 females crossing a field near HWF and that was it for the month.
On the 14th there was a report of an Otter seen in rather a strange location, between the Concorde House footbridge and the small tunnel. It was watched for about 15 minutes before disappearing into the tunnel.
At the end of the November Fauna Report we were left rather in limbo when 2 Grey Squirrel feeding boxes were found empty on the 28th. A check of boxes 2 days later, on 1st December, found an incredible 7 boxes had been visited by Greys and so at 8am on the 2nd traps were placed beneath the 2 boxes nearest to CHF. They were checked again, in according with the rules, at 5pm the same day and a mature male was in found in one and an immature female in the other.
As it was felt certain that, based on the number of boxes visited, there must be other Greys in the Dene we waited to see which boxes were next entered, with checks being undertaken on a daily basis. Nothing happened and throughout the rest of the month not a single box was visited. However, 3 Grey Squirrel sightings were reported, 2 on the south side in the area of the stepping-stones and the last on the 21st near the upstream wooden bridge.
December has turned out to be rather a pattern-less month with numbers of birds being seen varying in line with daytime temperatures. Starting with Blackbirds, virtually every report received contained a reference to them, with numbers up to 11 and usually the word ‘arguing’ was somewhere to be found. Blue Tits up to 7, Great Tits up to 7 and Coal Tits up to 4 have all been well reported with 7 reports of the rare Willow Tit being seen with 2 of those reports from areas further away from the usual sighting area, which is from the Hartley Lane Car Park to the harbour – a good sign for this rapidly declining bird nationally. Long-tailed Tit sightings have been very disappointing with only 2 reports of 5 and 4 birds.
Reports of Great Spotted Woodpeckers, either seen or heard drumming, have gone through the roof in the second 2 weeks of the month, with a number of reports of 2 birds drumming one on either side of the river. One wonders if the Dene is approaching saturation point for this bird.
Bullfinch reports, of 1 to 3 birds, have been about average for December and have come from all areas of the Dene. The same can be said about Chaffinch but numbers appear to be decreasing with most reports of only 1 or 2 birds. Goldfinch has been rare this month with just 1 report of 3 birds at the end of the month.
Dunnock, mostly seen hoovering under seed feeders, have been well reported and, where there are humans, a Robin will not be too far away and this has resulted in many reports, although only of 1 or 2 birds.
The number of Nuthatch sightings, from ever increasing areas of the Dene, has been exceptionally good with at least 50% of the reports of 2 birds. Tree Sparrow sightings go from strength to strength with many of the reports around the 10 figure. Most still come from the east end of the Dene but they appear to be expanding as I or 2 reports have come from the old railway line area. In the Dene at least they appear to have taken over from the House Sparrow, which is now very rarely seen. Stock Dove sightings have been very satisfactory this month, with 1 or 2 birds seen in various places including the estuary, with reports increasing rapidly towards the end of the month.
Jays continue to be seen or heard regularly from throughout the Dene, although reports dried up in the last 10 days of the month. On the 2nd 2 reports arrived from different people reporting sightings of 2 birds at the same time, the first from the Hartley Lane Car Park and the other from the Old Railway Line. There were 2 single reports this month, the first was of a Goldcrest seen in the estuary on 24th and the other was of 2 Collard Doves seen near Old Hartley Pond on 9th.
Finally under woodland birds, mention must be made of the Corvids, Jackdaws, Rooks, Carrion Crows, Magpies and Woodpigeon that have all been around in good numbers often making up flocks of 100s of birds flying to or from the woodland or feeding on the adjacent grazing fields, and making a considerable noise!
On and above the adjacent fields, the bird that has been seen the most is the Pheasant, mostly male but occasionally a pair: often seen walking for incredible distances, when flying would be so much quicker. Birds have been seen in the open fields but often heard in the bushy field edges. Early on the morning of the 27th 2 Red-legged Partridge were disturbed on the edge of a field and had their normal short low flight, just far enough to get out of harm’s way. Then on 27th came the first large Pink-footed Goose flock of the winter, although they didn’t stay long. 3 days later a similar flock of about 450 birds stayed a little longer. I think they are looking for a field that grew potatoes, recently harvested, which is their favourite
The 9th was a fine day with the sun shining in a beautiful clear blue sky and at 11.15 eyes were turned upwards to watch 2 Buzzards circling and drifting in the light winds at no great height so that one got a wonderful view of their plumage. Amazingly they were completely alone without a Corvid in sight. On the very same day but at around 21.30, a Tawny Owl was loudly calling from a tree on the very outskirts of the Dene and consequently heard by pedestrians walking on the south side of Seaton Sluice. Only 1 Sparrowhawk was reported all month, this on 24th in the estuary and on the same day 2 Kestrels were seen, again in the estuary, obviously on a visit from the dunes, their more usual hunting ground.
On the river the good news is that on 14th a pair of Dippers was seen sitting on the same rock near the tunnel entrance and have been seen a number of times since. Single birds have also been reported from the same area as well as from under the Holywell Road Bridge. On the other hand a Grey Wagtail has only been seen twice, on 20th in the estuary and on the 30th on the river in the Dene itself. A Kingfisher was seen on 4th near the Stone Bridge, while Moorhens, up to 5, have been seen on the edge of the vegetation a little upstream from the Pipe Pond Bridge. In the estuary a Little Egret was seen on 2nd and 22nd and Redshanks, between 1 and 20, have been regularly reported throughout the month. Wrens, towards the end of the month have been heard singing, resulting in a few more reports for this tiny grossly under-reported bird.
There have only been 2 reports of Mallard, 6 in the estuary on the 30th and 4 in the Dene on the 2nd, while a Cormorant has visited the Dene on 3 occasions, 2nd, 11th and 18th. Finally, Grey Herons have, as usual, been seen almost daily throughout the Dene and estuary, with numbers between 1 and 3.
And so to 2019 – to our readers “All the very best for the New Year”
A Row Deer killed on Hartley Lane
Only 1 sighting of a Grey Squirrel
Grey herons gathering near the heronry
Pink-footed Geese return
Little Egret visited twice
4 Teal seen on the river
Pheasants widely seen
January has been relatively dry and, up to the last week or so, was on the mild side but that final week came as a shock with temperatures well below zero. There has been quite a lot of sun and only a few gales and no floods so the Dene has got off lightly weather wise.
Perhaps in part due to the weather, mammal sightings have been well below average. Away from the Dene, in the Holywell Pond and Brier Dene Farm areas, a single Row Deer has been seen occasionally but in Holywell Dene there have been only 3 reports. On the 7th 3 females were seen on the hill between the 2 bridges on the south side of the river and then 5 days later disaster, a Row Deer was killed by a car on Hartley Lane and 2 females were reported the same morning near Crow Hall Farm. This illustrates normal deer activity in that the 2 would have been waiting for a few hours for the third member of the family group to re-join them, before moving away from the area. There were then no reports until the last day of the month when 3 were seen in the Holywell Bridge path area.
There was only 1 report of a Grey Squirrel being seen in the Dene this month and that was on the first day when 2 were seen between the old railway line and Holywell Pumping Station. All the boxes in the Dene have continued to be checked on a weekly basis. Agreement has been reached with the National Trust (Delaval Hall) for feeding boxes to be placed on their land, which included the narrow areas of woodland along the Avenue. The boxes on the Avenue produced very quick results with a mature pair being trapped in the middle of the month – could this be the pair that had been seen earlier in the Dene? It should be stated the Avenue boxes are not the responsibility of FoHD.
The only other animal reported this month was a Stoat, with 2 sightings. The first was about 100 metres downstream of the Stone Bridge and the other about the same distance and direction from Holywell Road Bridge.
Starting along the river life has been fairly quiet. The good news is that near the tunnel entrance Dippers have been reported throughout the month, mostly a single bird but on 3 occasions a pair. There have been no reports of sightings further upstream. A Grey Heron has been seen feeding in various places along the river but the number of reports has been well below average. What has been a surprise is the gathering of Grey Herons in or near the heronry. On 4 occasions a group of 7 or 8 has been seen sitting quietly in the trees.
Mallard have been seen in various locations along the river on a few occasions with numbers between 1 and 7, while Moorhen have been seen in their usual place, a hundred metres upstream of the pipe pond, on many occasions, varying from 1 to 4 birds. Finally, along all parts of the river Wrens have been seen, normally a single bird, but very few are reported, which is a pity. Reports will no doubt increase when they start singing.
Flying above the Dene a Buzzard was seen twice soaring above the fields on the north side of the river, while early in the month a Tawny Owl was twice heard calling, the first time in the Holywell Road Bridge area early in the morning and them just after dark somewhere on the path between Hartley Lane Car Park and the pipe pond. A Kestrel was seen on 3 occasions, twice above the estuary and the other time near Crow Hall Farm. The only report of a Sparrowhawk this month was one flying above the estuary on 25th.
Just as we were wondering whether Pink-footed Geese were going to ever arrive this year, their iconic sound was heard at dawn on the 19th and around 600 birds finally landed in their usual field near Hartley West Farm. They stayed all day and then were back again on 4 occasions in the following week. As usual mention must be made of the massive flocks of Corvids regularly seen throughout the month in the adjoining fields. Counting is almost impossible but certainly there have been flocks of well over 100 birds made up of Jackdaws, Rooks, Carrion Crows, Magpies and Woodpigeon. There has been an unprecedented number of Pheasants seen or heard this month from every part of the Dene. Up to 3 male birds have been seen together but on 2 occasions 2 males were watched having serious fights. Near the end of the month 4 females Pheasants were seen near Crow Hall Farm, the only time females were seen all month.
Specific to the estuary, a Grey Wagtail was reported on 4 occasions and a Cormorant only once, while the Little Egret was seen on 4th and 27th.Redshanks were seen often with greatly varying numbers between a single bird and 12. On 8th an Oystercatcher was seen and on the 27th 4 Teal was seen on the river in the area of the heronry, upstream from the Pipe Pond.
All the usual woodland birds were around in very good numbers, including Blackbird, Blue Tit, Great Tit, Coal Tit and Dunnock. There were only 3 reports of Willow Tit this month, 2 on 3rd and 1 on 14th and 26th. Long-tailed Tits were well reported from various places in the Dene and in widely varying numbers, from a single bird up to 8. Great Spotted Woodpeckers were seen or heard very often and from widely differing locations. Usually it was of a single bird but sometimes reports were of two birds ‘drumming’ from opposite sides of the river, a sure sign of territorial arguments. Slightly surprising was a pair in Bluebell Dene in the estuary being reported twice on different days.
An inquisitive Robin was reported almost daily but the usual winter grouping of a good number together was missing for some reason. As regards the finches results were more or less as expected. Bullfinch numbers were steady until the cold weather arrived when the number seen together increased from the earlier 1/2 to 4/5. There were many Chaffinch sightings but always of just 1 or 2 birds but only 1 report of a Goldfinch being seen, a single bird on 5th. Nuthatch was well reported with occasionally 2 being seen together. The location of some of these reports shows that they are gradually expanding into all areas of the Dene.
Stock Doves were regularly seen mainly from the centre part of the Dene with numbers up to 4. They are often mistaken for woodpigeon and so are probably widely under-reported. Reports of Jays dropped dramatically this month with only 3 reports, although it is thought that, being a relatively new bird to the Dene, its loud harsh ‘scraaaak’ cry is not being recognised yet. There was 1 sighting of a Collared Dove on 23rd and one of a Treecreeper on 30th.
A few reports arrive each month saying a number of ‘sparrows’ have been seen on a feeder. In the Dene these birds are probably Tree Sparrows as they have been increasing dramatically, while House Sparrows are only rarely seen in the Dene. Reports of Tree Sparrows are frequent with numbers varying from a single bird to flocks numbering into low double figures.
This monthly Fauna Report is based on sightings submitted by people, expert and amateur, interested in birds and wildlife. The more reports we get the better and more interesting the Fauna Report will be. If you visit any part of the Dene or adjacent fields and you see birds or animals you recognise we would love to hear from you. Ideally, what you saw, how many, the rough location and date/time are the details we want.
You can let us know by: Text to 07958640903 or email to www.friendsofholywelldene.org.uk
We really do look forward to hearing from you.